The Israeli Institution of Commercial arbitration

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The Israeli Institution of Commercial arbitration

Since the founding of the Chambers of Commerce by the late Prof. Smadar Ottolenghi
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It is of vital importance to include an arbitration clause in an agreement between the parties. To review the wording of the clause.

The Commercial Arbitration Institute opens its doors and invites litigants to hold discussions in the conference rooms at the Arbitration Institute at no charge

List of Arbitrators and Mediators

The Arbitration Institute has a list of many potential arbitrators and mediators in the various and diverse areas of expertise administered by the Institute.

The Israeli Institute of Commercial Arbitration is the first and oldest institution in Israel for arbitration and dispute resolution.

What They Write About Us

The Commercial Arbitration Institute offers a more professional, affordable and faster alternative for resolving commercial disputes.

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Commercial Arbitration

When commercial agreements are signed, it is customary to draft detailed engagement agreements between the parties. In many cases, it is customary to provide a reference in the agreement to the situation of future conflicts that may arise between the parties to the agreement.
One of the accepted solutions in this context is an “arbitration agreement” (also referred to as an “arbitration clause” or “arbitration stipulation”). This is a reference to a process that allows the parties to settle their commercial disputes through an objective mediator chosen by the parties. The arbitrator listens to each of the parties, examines their claims and the evidence presented to him, and he reaches a fair decision to resolve the dispute, and this without the dispute being heard in a court of law.
Legal proceedings tend to be lengthy and they can last for many years, imposing a heavy burden in terms of time and high and unnecessary legal expenses for all those involved in the dispute. In arbitration proceedings, it is possible to resolve the problems and reach agreements between the parties efficiently, quickly and in a dignified manner, and – of no less importance – in a cost-effective manner.
For these reasons, arbitration proceedings have become very acceptable in the business community in Israel, and it is customary to entrench them in agreements between new business partners.

When is it recommended to refer cases to arbitration?

When the parties reach an understanding that the most ideal way to settle disputes is not through legal proceedings which consume resources, time and energy, but rather through a process that is more amicable and where more patience is shown, together with an objective third party who helps resolve the conflict.
Many business entities understand that a commercial arbitration process is the best alternative for them. Hence, they include a commercial arbitration clause in all their commercial contracts.
Commercial arbitration is recommended especially in disputes that require special understanding and expertise, where it is possible to appoint an arbitrator who is an expert in the field, such as: real estate, urban renewal, hi-tech, contractual claims and international disputes.

How to choose a suitable arbitrator for commercial arbitration proceedings

Before appointing the arbitrator, it is important to verify some basic criteria in relation to the arbitrator, in order to ensure fairness and professionalism and, of course, the success of the arbitration process.

In light of the foregoing, what are the considerations when choosing an arbitrator?

Several matters should be examined in order to ensure the suitability of a potential arbitrator who will conduct the arbitration proceedings:

1. Professionalism and familiarity with the subject matter of the dispute

It is recommended that the arbitrator be an experienced and professional lawyer, who is familiar with the provisions of the law in general and the provisions of the Arbitration Law in particular.
Moreover, it is important that the arbitrator comes from the field of the subject of the dispute, is familiar with the business environment in which the parties work and the professional terminology of the dispute.

2. Integrity

The arbitrator must be flawless in all matters relating to fairness and integrity. Any doubt serves as a reason to disqualify the arbitrator and choose another arbitrator.

3. No conflicts of interest

The arbitrator must be free of extraneous or irrelevant considerations, free of personal interests and he must be impartial.

4. Supervision of the arbitration process

The arbitration process is subject to the supervision of the court and therefore it is advisable to avoid direct contact between the arbitrator and any of the parties. Contact with one of the parties could result in a motion being filed with the court to disqualify the arbitrator.
Therefore, it is recommended that arbitration proceedings be conducted through the Arbitration Institute, which ensures that there is no contact between the arbitrator and any of the parties.

Adherence to the above conditions will increase the chances of success of the arbitration process.

Arbitration or court?

In many instances, parties to a dispute are unsure whether to choose arbitration proceedings or to conduct the dispute in court. The following aspects should be examined in order to ensure that the parties choose what is best for them:

  • The period of time that the proceedings will last
  • The costs of conducting the proceedings
  • The possibility of choosing the judge/arbitrator
  • The possibility of designing the litigation procedure while taking the wishes of the parties into consideration
  • Discretion versus publicity
  • The finality of the hearing

How long does the arbitration process take?

When the parties who approach the Commercial Arbitration Institute are motivated by a desire to reach a fair and practical solution quickly and through cooperation, the commercial arbitration process can be concluded within just a few weeks. In cases where the dispute is complex and the parties fail to reach agreement, the arbitration proceedings may last several months.
This is in contrast to a scenario where the parties resort to court proceedings and conduct litigation which could last for several years, with all that this entails in terms of investing energy as well as the financial costs.

How do commercial arbitration proceedings end?

Arbitration proceedings between businesses can end in several ways:

Reaching an agreed solution

The desired situation in commercial arbitration proceedings is to reach an agreed solution. In such a situation, the arbitrator makes a proposal, to the conflicting parties, that he formulates after understanding the essence of the dispute and the interests of the parties. The parties accept the arbitrator’s proposal and their agreement is validated as an arbitral award. As this is an agreed solution, there is a high probability that both the parties will cooperate to implement the solution in the arbitrator’s award.

The arbitrator's ruling

When parties to a commercial dispute fail to reach an agreed solution, there is no avoiding the arbitrator’s decision, which – in accordance with the agreement between the parties – is binding on them. It should be noted that the parties can agree in advance that it will be possible to appeal the arbitral award.

Severing the engagement between the parties

Severing business ties between parties whose relationship has broken down is a legitimate way to end a business dispute. When it comes to severing an engagement between business partners, the arbitral award determines the separation of powers and, where necessary, the arbitrator can accompany the separation procedure whereby the outline for the actual dissolution of the partnership is to be implemented between the parties.

Initiating Arbitration Proceedings

There are several ways of approaching the Institute for the purpose of initiating arbitration proceedings:
מינוי בורר

Appointment of an arbitrator

The arbitrator is appointed in one of the following ways:

About the Institute

The Israeli Institute of Commercial Arbitration was established in 1989 as an NPO at the time of the founding of the Union of Chambers of Commerce.

The late Prof. Smadar Ottolenghi was one of the founders of the Institute and she served as its first president for approx. 15 years.

The Commercial Arbitration Institute works to resolve disputes in alternative ways – arbitration and mediation.

The Institute offers a professional, fast and high-quality solution at affordable prices.

During the years of its existence, the Institute has acquired vast experience and it has handled thousands of arbitration cases in all areas of business and in all branches of law, including in relation to real estate, companies, communications, construction, business and more.

The Commercial Arbitration Institute is well known and respected in Israel, and this is evidenced by the number of cases referred to the Institute by various courts.

The Institute’s arbitrators and mediators include arbitrators and mediators from a variety of fields: retired judges, attorneys, accountants, engineers, appraisers, economists and more.